The CDSBEO is committed to building resiliency and positive mental health for all of our students. The Board has identified a Continuum of Support providing prevention, targeted intervention and specialized supports for students to develop resiliency, engage in restorative practices, stop bullying and support positive mental health.
School excellence involves positive social capacity and excellence in instruction. When these combine, students experience positive educational outcomes and relationships, which are essential to resiliency. The challenge for all of us is to build relationships and create environments and opportunities that promote positive mental health.
Our goal is to build the resiliency and positive mental health of our students by using a strengths-based approach to support students becoming positive, productive and responsible individuals. The CDSBEO Mental Health Lead has developed a resiliency lesson for students at every grade level, which corresponds with the curriculum expectations for both Religious Education and Phys-Ed.
Resiliency surveys are completed by all students in grade 3 to grade 12. Results are used to empower individuals and school teams to engage in, and better understand the strengths and skills that are essential for navigating life’s challenges and becoming healthy adults.
School Resiliency Response Plans and Student Resiliency Action Plans are developed to utilize internal and external strengths to build student resiliency and mental health and reduce inappropriate and bullying behaviour.
Board wide Resiliency Surveys allow schools to look at their own school results and student profiles in order to build student resiliency and mental health. Our primary and junior students are extremely resilient whereas the high school students, in particular grade 12 students, see themselves as more vulnerable and less resilient.
As a Board, we are trying to focus on building mental health strengths and protective factors to change this trajectory and to help adolescents to feel empowered, and to cultivate sensitivity, acceptance, self-control, self-efficiency and planning and decision making skills. School and student Resiliency Action Plans are developed to identify strengths as well as areas to strengthen.
School Mental Health Teams and Kits
All CDSBEO schools have a Mental Health Team comprised of the principal/vice-principal, student support worker, a lead teacher (volunteer), and a lead non-teacher such as an educational assistant, custodian or librarian (volunteer), as well as the school chaplaincy lead (secondary schools). This group meets regularly to ensure that students are receiving the support that they require, that mental health is being embedded in the curriculum, and they complete a needs assessment annually that is reviewed by the Mental Health Lead. Additionally, all of the CDSBEO schools are equipped with a mental health kit which includes lesson plans, story books (for younger students), and games to promote positive mental health. Resources are also available for parents who are supporting a child struggling with anxiety.
The Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Harry Potter Novel Study Project
The Harry Potter Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) Novel Study began as an exciting partnership with Dr. Mark Sinyor, psychiatrist at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre and the University of Toronto, and Dr. Donaleen Hawes, psychologist and (retired) superintendent for the Catholic District School Board of Eastern Ontario (CDSBEO). It has become increasing clear that youth need innovative and experiential ways to learn about mental distress and how to overcome it. Dr. Sinyor proposed the project and shared a framework and guiding questions to bring together the principles of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), and the novel Harry Potter & the Prisoner of Azkaban, as a strategy for increasing mental health literacy and coping skills in youth. This resource is designed with ready-made lessons and activities for teachers to use with their classes. In each section, there is an overview of how the chapter(s) are related to Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, and a description of the specific CBT components and guiding questions. Sample lesson plans are provided, and a variety of student and class activities are included.
Secondary School Mental Health and Addiction Counselors
The CDSBEO employs two secondary school mental health and addiction counselors who spend one day per week in each of our secondary schools. Their role is to provide short-term counseling for students struggling with mental health and addiction concerns, as well as supporting students currently on wait lists for external agency support programs.
Mental Health and Addiction Nurse (MHAN) Program
In 2011, the Ontario government released “Open Minds, Healthy Minds: Ontario’s Comprehensive Mental Health and Addictions Strategy” to transform the way mental health and addictions services are delivered across the province, including in schools. An initiative under this umbrella includes the support of mental health and addiction nurses in all schools. The nurses may become involved with a student for a variety of reasons including: students transitioning from hospital back to school, medication concerns that impact on mental health, to provide parent or teacher education regarding medications, to provide assistance with navigating the health care system, for substance use concerns and for students struggling with eating disorders.
For more information on this provincial program, please visit: www.ontariominds.ca
School Staff Training Programs
The CDSBEO provides staff with a variety of training opportunities throughout the year including Applied Suicide Intervention Skills Training (ASIST), safeTALK, Mental Health First Aid for Adults who Interact with Youth, Core Addiction Practice (CAP), Sex Trafficking Prevention Training, Violent Threat Risk Assessment (VTRA) and Naloxone training, as every school has been provided with a Naloxone kit to reverse the effects of an opioid overdose. (To obtain your own free Naloxone kit, please visit your local pharmacy or health unit.) These certifications help to equip staff members with the necessary tools to support students struggling with suicidal ideation, a variety of mental health concerns, substance use, and behavioral challenges.
Zones of Regulation
Self-regulation is something everyone continually works on whether or not we are cognizant of it. We all encounter trying circumstances that test our limits from time to time. If we are able to recognize when we are becoming less regulated, we are able to do something about it to manage our feelings and get ourselves to a healthy place. This comes naturally for some, but for others it is a skill that needs to be taught and practiced. This is the goal of The Zones of Regulation. The Zones is a systematic, cognitive behavioral approach used to teach self-regulation by categorizing all the different ways we feel and states of alertness we experience into four concrete colored zones. The Zones framework provides strategies to teach students to become more aware of and independent in controlling their emotions and impulses, managing their sensory needs, and improving their ability to problem solve conflicts.
Coping with Stress
Kids Have Stress Too!
Developed by The Psychology Foundation of Canada, the Kids Have Stress Too! program helps educators understand childhood stress and how to provide children with the tools to deal with stress effectively. It is a broad-based primary prevention program for students from Kindergarten to grade 6, which provides knowledge, awareness and skills to help young people become healthier and more resilient through learning how to manage their stress.
Stress Lessons: Tools for Resilience is a resource designed for educators to help youth in grades 7 through 12 develop resilience. Full of psychologically-sound strategies and tools, this resource helps teens develop resilience and positive coping skills. This program helps young people:
- recognize the signs and symptoms of stress
- understand what stress “feels” like
- identify stressors and their impact
- see the upside of stress
- develop/implement coping and problem-solving strategies
- foster an increased sense of well-being.
Healthy Transitions is a mental health promotion program for young adolescents in grades 6 or 8. The program was developed by the Child and Youth Health Network for Eastern Ontario and facilitated through CHEO. During the program, students learn about bouncing back from setbacks, talking to parents, friends and teachers, coping/handling feelings, worries and stress and how and where to get help if needed. The Healthy Transitions program is designed to be used during class time and meets expectations from the Ontario curriculum. The program includes group activities and discussions about handling everyday struggles and positive ways to express oneself.
The CDSBEO is proud to partner with Planet Youth Lanark County to offer students access to an innovative global program which began in Iceland in the 1990s. The program aims to deter and prevent youth substance abuse through a variety of engaging initiatives, both in the community and in the school. The CDSBEO grade 10 students are administered an annual survey to help determine the needs of this group, and the results provide a basis for the interventions and programs offered. The programs are community-based, socially embedded and highly participatory.
The CDSBEO Religious and Family Life Education Department visits schools regularly to provide Christian meditation for students of all ages, which helps students to recognize God’s presence in their lives. Additionally, some school staff members have been trained in the Mindful Schools program, which helps to address toxic stress that occurs when life’s demands consistently outpace our ability to cope with those demands. Students learn strategies such as deep breathing, and paying attention to the present moment and their five senses, which helps them to learn more effectively and regulate their emotions. For more information please visit: www.mindfulschools.org.
Eating Disorder Prevention Program in Partnership with Hopewell Eating Disorder Support Centre
Students in grades 7 through 12 benefit from the expertise and programming offered through Hopewell. In the “Celebrate EveryBody” program, students learn about healthy body image through messages focused on wellness which address some of the underlying causes of eating disorders. Please click here to download a copy of the program brochure, or visit www.hopewell.ca.
YNRA presentations are about mental health and their facilitators are young adults who are ASIST (Applied Suicide Intervention Skills Training) trained. The organization is a youth-led program through CHEO, which provides presentations and programs to students in grades 7 through 12, supported by clinical staff at CHEO. Schools may choose one of three interactive presentations which support a deeper understanding of mental wellness and the stigma associated with mental illness, coping strategies to help manage stress, and tips on how to support a friend who is struggling in a healthy way. For more information please visit: www.ynra.ca.
Rebound Life Choices
The Rebound Life Choices program, a 10 week social skills program, is designed to meet the needs of youth by utilizing a variety of evidence-based practices that promote and encourage personal growth. Program facilitators utilize interactive activities, behavior rehearsals, guest speakers and video clips to illustrate the weekly topics, changing program stimuli every 20 minutes to attend to a variety of learning styles. Rebound Life Choices addresses youth who show signs of being at-risk of dropping out of school, or being in trouble with the law.
Roots of Empathy Program
Reducing the levels of aggression among school children
Roots of Empathy is an evidence-based classroom program that has shown significant effect in reducing levels of aggression among school children by raising social/emotional competence and increasing empathy. The program reaches elementary school children from Kindergarten to Grade 8 in many CDSBEO schools.
In the Roots of Empathy program, a parent and baby (who is two to four months old at the start of the program) from the community visit a classroom nine times over the course of a school year. A trained Roots of Empathy instructor visits with the family to guide children as they observe the relationship between the baby and his or her parent. The instructor also visits before and after each family visit to reinforce teachings. There are 27 classroom visits in total in a Roots of Empathy program.
In the program, the baby is the “teacher.” With each family visit, the instructor leads the children in noticing how the baby is growing and changing over the course of his or her first year of life. The children also watch the loving relationship between the parent and baby and see how the parent responds to the baby’s emotions and meets the baby’s needs. The attachment relationship between a baby and a parent is an ideal model of empathy.
Children learn to understand the perspective of the baby and label the baby’s feelings, and then are guided in extending this learning outwards so they have a better understanding of their own feelings and the feelings of others. This emotional literacy lays the foundation for more safe and caring classrooms, where children are “Changers.” They are more socially and emotionally competent and much more likely to challenge cruelty and injustice.
Elephant in the Room Anti-Stigma Campaign
Raising awareness about mental illness in the workplace and in the classroom.
The Catholic District School Board of Eastern Ontario (CDSBEO) participates in the Elephant in the Room Anti-Stigma Campaign for awareness about mental illness in the workplace and in the classroom. Initiated by the Mood Disorders Society of Canada, the national campaign is designed to build awareness and eliminate stigma associated with mental illness. The CDSBEO is the first school board in the province to partner with The Mood Disorders Society of Canada on this initiative.
A blue elephant, which is displayed in schools and board locations, signifies that the CDSBEO cares about the wellness of others, and that the Board is a safe place to talk about mental health, without fear of being looked upon differently, thought of less, or punished. The initiative helps to build understanding around mental health issues, and to build a Board culture of empathy and support.
Sources of Strength
Universal suicide prevention program
Sources of Strength is a universal suicide prevention program designed to support youth and empower them to recognize the sources of strength in themselves and in their peers. The CDSBEO implements this program in many schools with students ranging from grades 7 through 12. The peer leaders involved in this program develop ideas to support their school community, such as de-stress tables during exam time, “Trees of Hope” in the atrium of their schools with the names of supportive adults they can turn to, and door opening campaigns.
For more information please contact:
Michelle Neville, Mental Health Lead
Catholic District School Board of Eastern Ontario